There are so many different programming languages worth learning, with hundreds of front-end, back-end and even framework options. As a developer, you’re familiar with C/C++, Java, Python, Perl, Ruby, etc
You don’t like to follow the crowd, like the small group, unique tuning, or like to start a new language, so don’t miss this list of recommendations below. They are not only interesting but also valuable to learn, but they are not popular but worth a try.
Rust is a fast, highly concurrent, safe and authorized programming language, with virtually no deadlock and eliminating data contention. It was originally created and released by Graydon Hoare in 2006. It is now an open source language, mainly maintained and developed by the Mozilla team and many members of the open source community.
Although Rust is a universal, multi-paradigm language, its goal is in the area of system programming where C and C++ dominate. This means you can write operating systems, game engines and many performance-critical applications using Rust. In addition, it is expressive enough that you can use it to build high-performance Web applications, web services, type-safe Object Relational Mapping (ORM) libraries, and compile programs to run on Web browsers.
Rust exists as a static and strongly typed language. Static attributes mean that the compiler has all the relevant variable and type information at compile time, and that it performs a lot of checks at compile time while leaving only a few type checks at run time. Its strong type attribute means that things like automatic conversion between types are not allowed, and variables pointing to integers cannot be changed in code to strings.
Therefore, strong type attributes allow Rust to safely refactor code and capture most errors at compile time instead of at run time. The performance and performance of programs written in Rust are excellent because with Rust you can have most of the features of advanced functional languages, such as higher-order functions and inert iterators, which allow you to compile programs as efficient as C/C++ programs.
It should be noted that the Rust community is very active and friendly. The language contains very comprehensive documentation that can be found on the Rust website. Rust should be a good choice if you want to write high-performance software with fewer errors, feel the attributes of the current popular language and a great community culture.
Swift, commonly referred to as “Objective-C without C”, is an open source programming language developed and maintained by Apple and is also its home-made language, authorized by Steve Jobs many years ago, and was created as a simplified version of Objective-C, drawing on languages such as Python, Rust and Ruby. The intent behind Swift is to make application development for iOS, macOS and iPadOS as simple as possible.
It is worth mentioning that Swift avoids all types of unsafe code. Variables are always initialized before they are used, arrays and integers are overrun checked, memory is automatically managed, and mandatory exclusive access to memory prevents many programming errors.
Swift enables fast-running results. Using excellent high-performance LLVM compiler technology, Swift code is converted to optimized native code that takes full advantage of modern hardware. In addition, the grammar and standard databases have been adapted to optimize the simplest coding.
Entering the mobile development world means mastering Swift or Kotlin. If you want to focus on iOS development, learn Swift. If you want to learn Android application development, learn Java first, then Kotlin.
Since Google announced Kotlin as the official Android development language in 2017, Kotlin has been highly sought after by Android developers. Its strong security, concision and interoperability with Java bring a refreshing development experience for developers and greatly improve the efficiency of Android native code development.
Google prioritizes innovative features and features of Kotlin-based applications, and developers can easily stay ahead of the competition by simply writing code in this easy-to-use language. Most importantly, you can use Kotlin as a programming practice for WordPress to build a WP website or develop Android applications, servers, etc. And wherever you use Java, you can use Kotlin because it interacts with this popular language.
Kotlin is also reliable, its application source code is easy to maintain, and the language itself is clean and compact, which makes it fairly easy to learn. Needless to say, Kotlin has also greatly reduced development time through better teamwork and efficiency.
Kotlin thus simplifies Android development in many ways. It will increase your productivity and solve some common problems in very different and simpler ways.
Golang first appeared in 2009, but it is considered a fairly new language. In recent years, Golang has created a wave of developmental communities, both at the front and at the back.
Golang was launched by Google and its main purpose is to advance the development of functional programming, which has many C language features such as garbage collector, better memory security and management, structure type, etc.
Golang is a great choice for software that handles sensitive information. For example, accounting software for SMEs and large enterprises that need powerful tools to manage financial transactions and data. However, Golang takes a lot of time and effort to learn, but for aspiring developers, the language is worth learning if they want to pursue web and application development in the future.
At the same time, it is open source, so you have many opportunities to master the language fairly quickly. Today’s businesses and users need simple and intuitive applications, and Golang has clear advantages in code efficiency, simplicity and security.
Erlang is a general purpose programming language mainly used to build concurrent applications, developed by Joe Armstrong in the Computer Science Research Laboratory under Ericsson, the Swedish telecommunications equipment manufacturer, with the aim of creating a programming language and operating environment that can cope with large-scale concurrent activities.
Erlang, a concurrency-oriented programming language, is actually a minority language worldwide, but it has powerful parallel processing capabilities and fault tolerance mechanisms. Erlang programmers can process inputs from multiple sources in a distributed environment. Even if a part of the program makes a mistake, the entire system will continue to run, making it ideal for systems that must run for a long time, such as Web applications or telecommunications platforms. In addition, message passing is used instead of sharing variables, so communication between processes is more concurrent.
Erlang is now mainly used in the telecommunications industry, Web applications, distributed computing, instant messaging, e-commerce and other areas, and is responsible for handling large-scale concurrent and continuous connections. To this day, Erlang still has the potential. If you want to work on large-scale web applications, distributed computing, or high-concurrency applications, try Erlang.